[每周翻译]面试时如何问好问题?

原文:How to ask good questions in an interview

作者:Penelope Trunk

翻译:OneLeo

译者的话:

这篇文章的观点真的太令人惊讶了。一直都是我们被面试者安排者面试的进程和面试的方式,他问我们,我们就回答什么,你用永远不知道他为什么要问你这个问题,甚至这个问题之后又将是怎样的问题。一直到最后,面试官才让你问他问题。而这个阶段通常是我们更好的证明自己为什么是这个职位的最佳人选的最后时刻。可是,这个时刻来得太晚了。为什么,不能在面试的一开始,就由自己来发问一些你想知道的问题呢?并且根据面试官给出的答案,自我分辨一下,你的哪些工作经历最为有用,你的哪些品格和特性最适合这份工作,这样你可以量身定做关于这份工作的最佳答案。因为你无法从招聘信息里得到太多你想要的资料。

这实在是一个很棒的建议,大家不妨一试!

Here’s the structure of an interview: The interviewer asks you a lot of questions about you, figures out what you like, what you’re good at, and customizes as he pitches the company and the job to you.

以下是一种常见的面试过程:面试时,面试官通常会问到很多关于你的问题,从中他可以知道你喜欢什么,你擅长什么,然后根据公司以及这份工作而对你下一个定义。

This structure works fine if you are not all that interested in the job. But if you go into the interview knowing that you want the job, this structure will not benefit you. This is because if you really want the job, you will be trying very hard during the interview to convince the person that you’re a good match. But the structure of the interview doesn’t give you the chance to find out a lot about what they’re looking for in a match, until the very end.

如果你对这份工作不是很感兴趣那么这个指导会奏效。但是,如果你去参加这份面试并且很希望得到这份工作,这个指导可能不会对你很有用。这是因为,如果你极其想要这份工作,那么你会在整个面试过程中非常非常努力地去证明自己就是这份工作的最佳人选。但是,这种面试过程并不能给你机会让你去发现他们真正想要的是怎样的一个人选,直到面试的最后。

You will get to the end of the interview, and the person will say, “Do you have any questions for me?” The questions that everyone recommends you ask are questions that would help you know what the company is looking for in a new hire: Questions about the goals and philosophies of the company, about the parameters of the position you’re interviewing for, about the expectations for the person they hire.

当你要进入面试尾声的时候,此时面试官会说:“你有问题要问我么?”对于这个问题,通常建议你问一些问题来帮助你更好的理解这个公司在招聘过程中到底需要怎样的人才:如关于公司的愿景和哲学,关于职位的条件和限制,关于他们对受聘者的期望的问题。

The answers to these questions would help you to explain why you are the ideal candidate for the job. So why ask these questions at the end? Ask them as close to the beginning as you can.

这些问题的答案会帮助你解释为什么你会是这个工作的最佳人选。既然这样,为什么要在最后问这些问题呢?尽可能在最开始的时候提问。

The first time I saw this in action was when I was interviewing a candidate. I started with, “So, why don’t you tell me a bit about yourself.”

She said, “Well, first why don’t you tell me a bit about the job so that I can tailor my answer to your particular needs right now?”

第一次是我作为面试官面试一个女孩子时,我问:“那么,你不想告诉我关于你自己的一些事情么?”

她回答:“嗯,那么首先你为什么不能向我介绍一下这份工作呢,只有那样我才能够告诉你具体的答案”

I was surprised, but it made a lot of sense to me. I told her about the job. And I ended up making her an offer.

我很惊讶,但是这给我很大的启发。我告诉她关于这份工作的一些要求,最后我给她了一个职位.

So don’t hijack the interview, but try to ask a bit about the position at the begining of the inteview and then you, too, can tailor your answers to the requirements of the job. With this strategy, coming up with questions will be easy because you will naturally want to know what the hiring manager is looking for so you can be that person:

因此不要害怕控制这个面试,而是在面试的一开始尽你所能多问一些关于这个工作职位的内容,然后你才可以适当地调整你所需要回答关于这份工作要求的问题。按照这样的策略,问下面的这些问题可以使你更加容易的知道你所面试的这个职位的经理正在寻找一个怎样的人,而你却恰到好处的找到这些答案并且成为他们所要找的那个人:

What would the first three goals be for the person who takes this job?

如果有人得到了这份工作,那么他的最初三个指标是什么?

What are the biggest hurdles to overcome in this position?

这个职位最难克服的障碍是什么?

What type of person do you think will be most successful in this position?

您认为什么样类型的人才最有可能赢得这个职位?

If you ask a variation of these questions toward the beginning of the interview — even if you ask only one or two — you’ll be in a much better position to ace the rest of the interview.

如果面试一开始你便开始发问以上各种各样的问题——即使你只问了这些问题的一个或者两个——那么你也将在余下的面试过程中处于一个有利的地位。

While it is bucking convention to ask questions toward the beginning and not the end, consider that you will look more authentic doing this. After spending the whole interview convincing the person that you are a good fit for the job, why would you ask questions about the job at the end? Presumably, you already talked about why you are a good fit.

虽然在面试的一开始问这些问题而不是留待最后问这是有悖于常规的,但这么做会使你看上去更加可靠。在经历了整个面试过程你总在努力地证实你才是这个工作的最佳人选,那你为什么还要把这些问题留到最后去问呢?大概,你已经讨论过为什么你是最合适的人选了吧。

So when you get to the end of the interview, and the person says, “Do you have an questions for me?” You can feel free to say, “No, I think I asked enough questions at the beginning of the interview to understand how I will fit in well in this position. I’m very excited about working with you. I think we’re a good match. Do you have any reservations?”

因此,当面试接近尾声,面试官说:“你有问题要问我么?”你可以轻松自由的回答:“没有了,关于我是否能够胜任这份工作的问题,我在谈话一开始就已经问过了。如果能和您一起工作,我会感到非常荣幸,我认为我们配合得不错。您还有其他的保留意见么?”